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Thu Apr 24 13:08:48 SAST 2014

US climate plan on track, report urges poor countries to do more

Reuters, Sapa-AP | 04 December, 2012 12:06
A labourer stacks firewood for use in a brick kiln as smoke billows from a chimney on the outskirts of Jammu, India, May 2, 2012. With four times the population of the United States, an economy growing 8% to 9% a year and surging energy demand, India's race to become an economic power has propelled it to No. 3 in the list of top carbon polluters.
Image by: MUKESH GUPTA / REUTERS

The US has said it is on track to meet its own target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 2020, a plan many scientists say is still too weak to avert damaging global warming.

US envoy Todd Stern defended President Barack Obama’s environmental record following renewed criticism from the European Union and other delegates at a climate conference in Doha.

He said the Democratic administration was making progress, despite Republican opposition, citing a study suggesting levels were heading lower, thanks partly to tougher standards for vehicles and more use of renewable energy.

“There is more that can be done but there has been a great deal already,” Stern told reporters at the 200-nation summit focused on salvaging UN-led action to cut rising world greenhouse gas emissions.

“We are making good progress and I think we are on track,” he said of Obama’s plan to cut US emissions by at least 17% below 2005 levels by 2020 — Washington’s contribution to global efforts to avert rising temperatures, floods, droughts, heat waves and mounting sea levels.

Republican opposition blocked ratification of Obama’s plan by the Senate in 2009.

Obama’s target works out as a cut of about 3% to 4% from 1990 levels by 2020.

A study by the UN panel of climate scientists in 2007 indicated rich nations would have to cut emissions by 25% to 40% below 1990 levels by 2020 to avert a damaging rise in temperatures. Almost none have set such deep cuts.

Coal

An economic slowdown in the Unites States and a switch to natural gas from coal also have put Obama’s targets more in reach.

But some studies indicate that Washington is still wide of its target. Last week, a Climate Action Tracker, compiled by Europe-based research groups including Ecofys, said Washington was failing.

“We based ourselves only on policies that are fully decided and implemented,” Niklas Hoehne of Ecofys told Reuters.

European Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said most focus in Doha was on a small group, led by the European Union and Australia, that aims to stick with the UN’s Kyoto Protocol for cutting emissions of industrialised nations beyond 2012.

But those nations account for less than 15% of world emissions. Kyoto has been weakened by the withdrawal of Russia, Japan and Canada, who say an extension is meaningless since big emerging nations led by China and India have no goals.

Washington never ratified Kyoto.

“It’s also very important not to forget about the remaining 85% of emissions,” Hedegaard told a news conference.

“What are they doing?”

She said that China’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions had risen to 7.3 tonnes per capita, almost level with those of the EU on 7.5.

US emissions per capita were far higher at 17.3 tonnes while those of Russia were 12.8 tonnes.

The EU itself was on target, she said for a promised cut at least 20% below 1990 levels by 2020. Experts say the EU’s environmental performance was boosted by the collapse of Soviet-era smokestack industries in eastern European countries.

A report on Tuesday warned that poor nations must make haste to curb greenhouse gas emissions as even an impossible 0% pollution target for the developed world by 2030 won't stop calamitous climate change.

Co-authored by former World Bank chief economist Nicholas Stern, the document said that while rich countries are responsible for the bulk of Earth-warming gas emissions since the industrial age, the world could not afford to play the blame-game, wrote AFP.

All countries, rich and poor, were moving "recklessly slow" on reducing emissions, said the report issued on the sidelines of UN climate talks in Doha, Qatar.

"There is a deep inequity in that rich countries grew wealthy on high-carbon growth, and poor countries will be hit particularly hard by climate change," it said.

"Recognition of that inequity must play a strong part in building international collaboration, but must not be allowed to block progress: that would be the most inequitable of all outcomes".

The latest round of notoriously tough UN climate talks has seen negotiators bickering in Doha over cash and commitments needed to curb greenhouse gas emissions even as the alarm is being raised anew about the perils the planet faces.

Poor countries insist that Western nations sign up to deeper, more urgent cuts and commit to a new funding package from 2013 to help them cope with worsening drought, flood, storms and rising seas.

"The arithmetic for a 2C emissions path is stark: stronger action will be required from developing countries, even if developed countries reduce their emissions to zero by 2030," said the report.

It urged closer cooperation, with developing nations setting their own sustainable development agendas, supported by rich countries with know-how, technology and finance.

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