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Sat Oct 25 09:05:35 SAST 2014

Poachers kill 300 Zim elephants with cyanide

© The Daily Telegraph | 21 October, 2013 00:330 Comments
NO MERCY: The remains of an elephant that died from cyanide poisoning after visiting a sand-lick in the Hwange National Park Picture:
Image by: EPA

Cynide has been used to kill more than 300 elephants in Zimbabwe's biggest nature reserve - three times the original estimate as new photographs show the scale of the slaughter.

The full extent of the devastation wreaked in Hwange National Park has been revealed by legitimate hunters who discovered what conservationists say is the worst massacre in Southern Africa for 25 years.

Pictures taken by the hunters reveal horrific scenes. Parts of the park can be seen from the air to be littered with the corpses of elephants, often with their calves dead beside them.

There is now deep concern that the use of cyanide - first revealed in July - represents a new and particularly damaging technique in the already soaring poaching trade. Zimbabwean authorities had said that 90 animals were killed in this way. But the hunters say they counted more than 300 carcasses.

Poachers killed them by lacing water holes and salt licks with cyanide. Animals are drawn to them during the dry season in the arid section of the 9100km2 park.

Authorities say the cyanide is planted by villagers who sell the elephants' tusks for about R4750 each to cross-border traders. They can be resold in South Africa for up to R15800 a pair, according to court papers relating to one recent incident .

Zimbabwe has one of Africa's biggest elephant populations, and half of its estimated 80000 are thought to live in Hwange.

Conservationists say the African elephant is under so much threat from habitat loss, illegal poaching and hunting that it could be extinct within 50 years.

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