Good governance would 'lift Africa' out of extreme poverty
The key to turning around Africa's extreme poverty problem could be better governance.
This is according to a research paper, "Unlocking Africa's potential: The relationship between effective governance and poverty", released by the Institute of Security Studies yesterday.
Authors Ciara Aucoin and Zachary Donnenfeld found that upping effective governance in Africa could lift at least 60 million people out of poverty by 2050.
"Improving governance has a profound effect on one of the continent's gravest challenges: extreme poverty," it says.
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to more people in extreme poverty than anywhere in the world.
The research compared effective governance, improved access to universal sanitation and the elimination of communicable diseases, to see which had the greatest impact in reducing poverty.
Of these interventions, effective governance came out on top.
The paper uses US$1.90 (R27) per person per day as the income necessary to maintain a minimum of human decency to define poverty.
Under the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, formalised in September 2015, sustainable development goal 16 seeks to "promote peaceful and inclusive societies" and to "build effective, accountable institutions" as a route to good governance.
Using two scenarios, Aucoin and Donnenfeld found On the Current Path, poverty in sub-Saharan Africa will account for 65% of extreme global poverty by 2030. In Unlocking the Future, progress towards effective governance lifts more than 60 million people out of poverty by 2050.
- TMG Digital