Nigeria's two main political parties are asking election hopefuls to pay huge fees for the chance to stand at next year's general election, in a move criticised as favouring the rich and well-connected.
At the last nationwide vote in 2015, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) of then-president Goodluck Jonathan charged 22-million naira ($61,000) per nomination form.
The All Progressives Congress (APC) of the eventual winner Muhammadu Buhari asked for 27.5-million naira just to stand in the party's presidential primary.
Now, as both parties prepare for polling in February next year, the APC wants an eye-watering 45-million naira per presidential primary candidate, according to newspaper adverts on Wednesday.
Individuals wanting to be selected to run for a governorship post have to pay 22.5-million naira, up from 10-million naira last time round.
The PDP has reduced the cost of its presidential candidate forms to 12-million naira and the selection for a tilt at a governorship from 11-million naira to six-million naira.
But both are still significant sums in a country of more than 180-million where about 87-million live in extreme poverty, according to the World Poverty Clock.
The APC has offered a half-price discount for women and the disabled, while the PDP has made forms free for female candidates, in a move designed to widen representation.