The Agricultural Bank, as well as Sudan's central bank and agriculture ministry, did not respond to requests for comment.
The cost of fuel for farmers rose more than 6,500% in 2021 from a year earlier, according to a UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) report published in March. The price for fertiliser, normally provided under the wheat purchase agreement, rose 800%, causing farmers to cut back on its use.
The report also blamed erratic rains, pest infestations, conflict and irrigation issues for a drop of more than 35% in production this year of Sudan's three key staples — wheat, sorghum and millet.
This year, the FAO says Sudan faces a rare sorghum deficit.
Just a year ago, the transitional government was out doing roadshows to market Sudan's huge untapped agricultural potential to investors as the economy began to open up after Bashir's overthrow during mass protests in 2019.
Its work was abruptly halted by the coup, which ended a fractious power-sharing arrangement between civilians and the military. Amid political deadlock and antimilitary demonstrations, economic activity has stagnated.
The UN World Food Programme estimates that the number of people facing crisis or emergency levels of hunger, the stages preceding famine, will double this year in Sudan to 18-million out of a population of 46-million.
And Sudan's food security worries could get worse.
Even with global wheat prices at record levels, Sudan imported 818,000 tonnes in January to March, three times more than the same period in 2021, central bank figures show.
Though the local wheat harvest makes up a fraction of consumption the government subsidy for wheat farmers forms a necessary, if unsustainable, backbone for agricultural activity, FAO representative Babagana Ahmadu said.
“Without it, the situation will get out of hand.”
Abdallah and other farmers in Gezira would typically grow sorghum and key export crops during the upcoming summer season, using the profits they made from the government's wheat purchases.
But Gezira Scheme governor Omar Marzoug said no financing was available, government or private.
Sudan's military leadership has said it is addressing the issue. Farmers criticised a recent purchasing announcement as having prohibitive conditions.
Deprived of cash flow, they are waiting, selling small amounts at the market rate of about 28,000 pounds (R943) per sack to make ends meet. Farm machinery lies idle.
The farmer in Gadaref said he and his peers would likely reduce their planting of key exports such as sesame by up to 80% if financing wasn't received this month.
“I expect there will be worse problems in the upcoming harvests without a radical change,” University of Gadaref agriculture professor Hussein Sulieman said.
“And I don't expect a radical change.”