Allowing houses within 500m of dams is courting disaster
The Bench Marks Foundation has warned that local government authorities that are allowing housing to be built within 500 metres of tailings dams and other mine waste sites are courting disaster.
This warning is contained in a new study Waiting to inhale released by the foundation on Tuesday which follows research conducted over three years into households in four suburbs of Soweto – Riverlea‚ Diepkloof‚ Meadowlands and Doornkop.
The study uncovers numerous instances‚ including the building of houses‚ where the required 500 metre exclusion zone from mine waste sites is not being adhered to. Bench Marks recommended that the 500 metre limit be extended to 2‚000 metres.
“Some houses are built in flood plains‚ and during the rainy season are subject to rising underground water‚ some of which is highly toxic‚ having been contaminated by acid mine drainage and spills from mine waste sites.”
Other issues that require the attention of metros and local government authorities are the following:
- Better protection of heritage sites. The study found‚ for example‚ that there was no safety exclusion zone between the Central Rand Gold (CRG) mining operation and the national heritage site of George Harrison Park;
- Better protection in terms of the constitutional right to a healthy and safe environment for education facilities such as TC Esterhuysen School‚ the Soweto campus of Johannesburg College and a number of schools in Meadowlands.
Apart from being too close to the mining operation‚ the access road to TC Esterhuysen Primary School collapsed recently due to the opencast operations of CRG.
The college is situated in buildings and housing that once belong to Crown Mines. Less than a decade after it moved in‚ the National Nuclear Regulation condemned its establishment in an area that is highly radioactive;
- Stricter enforcement of building laws and regulations that prohibit building in flood plains such as in Diepkloof and Doornkop; and
- Stricter enforcement of waste management laws and regulations and of the 500 metre exclusion zones.
The researchers said the allocation of mining licences for areas in which a 500 metre exclusion zones applies‚ is common in Gauteng‚ and is a “disaster waiting to happen”.
“Mines within 500 metres from major roads‚ railway lines‚ housing‚ schools‚ electric power lines‚ and petroleum and water pipelines are short sighted and not in the interests of public health and safety.
“Meadowlands‚ Riverlea‚ Davidsonville‚ Reigerpark and Delmorpark are all townships in which housing is located without any attention to exclusion zones‚” the study claims.