UN chief warns of 'chaotic' world order as General Assembly opens

25 September 2018 - 17:29 By AFP
President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa is greeted by United Nations secretary-general Antonio Guterres at the United Nations headquarters in New York, US on Tuesday.
President Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa is greeted by United Nations secretary-general Antonio Guterres at the United Nations headquarters in New York, US on Tuesday.
Image: Angela Weiss/Pool

UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres opened the world's largest diplomatic gathering on Tuesday with a stark warning of growing chaos and confusion as the rules-based global order comes under threat of breaking down.

Addressing the opening session of the UN General Assembly, Guterres said trust in the rules-based global order and among states was "at a breaking point" and international cooperation was becoming more difficult.

"Today, world order is increasingly chaotic. Power relations are less clear," Guterres told the 193-nation assembly before US president Donald Trump was to take the podium. "Universal values are being eroded. Democratic principles are under siege."

Climate change is moving faster than we are - and its speed has provoked a sonic boom SOS across our world
UN secretary-general Guterres

Guterres did not single out a country for criticism, but there are fears among UN diplomats that the world is being carved up into spheres of influence and a return to great power rivalry.

Trump's administration has made clear its distrust of international treaties, having scrapped the Iran nuclear deal and the Paris climate agreement,  and cut funding to the United Nations.

UN diplomats say the US stance has emboldened Russia and China to push their view of the global order in which human rights take a second seat to development and sovereignty rights.

"Today, with shifts in the balance of power, the risk of confrontation may increase," warned Guterres.

The human rights agenda is losing ground and "authoritarianism is on the rise", he said.

Guterres urged world leaders to renew their commitment to a rules-based order, with the United Nations at its centre to confront "massive, existential threats to people and planet".

"There is no way forward but collective, common-sense action for the common good," he said.

Drawing a list of global problems, Guterres acknowledged that peace efforts were failing and that respect for international humanitarian norms was unravelling. "There is outrage at our inability to end the wars in Syria, Yemen and elsewhere," he said. "The Rohingya people remain exiled, traumatised and in misery, still yearning for safety and justice."

The two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become "more and more distant" while the nuclear threat "has not eased".

Guterres zeroed in on climate change as an urgent priority, warning that if no concrete action is taken in the next two years to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the world risks facing runaway climate change. "Climate change is moving faster than we are - and its speed has provoked a sonic boom SOS across our world," he said.

About 130 world leaders are attending this year's annual session.

X