JSE opens weaker as US Fed's message confuses markets
The JSE opened weaker on Thursday as the market sought direction from a firmer rand‚ which in unusual trade gained on the dollar‚ despite the US Federal Reserve reaffirming a hawkish stance.
The Fed hiked interest rates by an expected 25 basis points on Wednesday and pointed to a potential rise at its December meeting‚ with the likelihood of three increases in 2019.
This should have benefited the dollar‚ but the euro lost ground only slightly to below the $1.17 level‚ before bouncing again to trade at $1.1709 at the JSE's opening.
The rand was at R14.1492 to the dollar from R14.1348‚ the best level since August 28. It was at R14.35 on Tuesday.
Oanda analysts said the US federal open market committee (FOMC) played verbal gymnastics with the market by removing the term "accommodative" from its statement.
"Accommodative" refers to when rates are still lower than consumer inflation‚ while "neutral" means it is level with inflation. Hiking above neutral would be hawkish.
Consumer inflation in the US is about 2% at present‚ with the federal fund rate after Wednesday's hike rising to between 2% and 2.25%.
According to Oanda the removal of the term "accommodative" was a clear sign "that the FOMC was detouring into a hawkish direction with the rate outlook". However‚ Fed chair Jerome Powell poured cold water on this view at a media conference after the release of the statement‚ causing markets and currencies to reverse course toward a risk-on stance.
This resulted in a rally in the rand‚ "along with other emerging currencies as investors sought riskier assets"‚ Peregrine Treasury analyst Bianca Botes said.
The firmer rand supported banks and retailers at the JSE's opening‚ but miners and industrials were lower as global markets turned weaker.
The Dow closed 0.4% lower on Wednesday with the Nikkei 225 down 0.99% on Thursday as the Hang Seng lost 0.37%.
At 9.46am the all share was 0.65% lower at 56‚204.80 points and the top-40 lost 0.66%. Platinums lost 2.84%‚ the gold index 1.21%‚ resources 0.99% and industrials 0.96%. Banks rose 1.26%‚ general retailers 0.53% and financials 0.33%.
Anglo American slipped 1.93% to R318.49.
British American Tobacco was 1.82% off at R654.84 and Naspers 2% to R3‚117.94.
Capitec gained 0.59% to R987.79 as the market reacted favourably to interim results released on Wednesday.
Steinhoff International lost 3.59% to R2.42 as Dutch courts dismissed Steinhoff's attempts to delay claims by shareholders in the country.
Mediclinic slipped 2.16% to R81.20.