"In health, we need simple, effective interventions. We need more doctors and nurses. R2.8bn has been reprioritised to a new human grant and R1bn for medical interns. R1bn has been added to wages of community health care workers to R3,500 per month.
"Finally, R319m is allocated to eliminate malaria in SA," said Mboweni.
Turning to the issue of housing and human settlements, Mboweni introduced the "Our Help to Buy subsidy" for first-time buyers to acquire housing.
The subsidy scheme would be piloted at a cost of R950m in the next three years.
Mboweni would also, in the next two years, introduce two conditional grants to the tune of R14.7bn through the reprioritisation of funds.
The money would be "for informal settlements upgrading, which will enable these households to have access to basic amenities".
On land reform, government would support 262 "priority land-reform projects" in the next three years, at a cost of R1.8bn.
Another R3.7bn has been budgeted to helping emerging farmers wanting to buy arable land to farm.