Artist imagines a world in which black excellence is not seen as an exception
Thenjiwe Niki Nkosi tells Anthea Buys about her powerful solo show, 'Gymnasium', and why she refuses to pander to the 'alien narrative'. Check out the exhibit online
For artist Thenjiwe Niki Nkosi, the art world is like a gymnastics tournament. The people who matter most - artists - bend over backwards for recognition, and the ones doing the recognising are still, overwhelmingly, white audiences and king-makers.
In the world of gymnastics, the unprecedented skill of African-American athlete Simone Biles has altered how the sport itself functions. For a young, black, female athlete to ring such changes in an arena that's been dominated by white bodies and voices is, sadly, exceptional. In art, despite there being many a Biles, transformation is slower still.
When I visited Nkosi in her studio a few weeks before the premiere of her first solo exhibition, she was racing to complete a series of paintings of scenes from competitive gymnastics. Titled Gymnasium, her collection of paintings and video will be exhibited at Stevenson in Johannesburg from March 26, and will be available for viewing through an interactive online 3-D viewing room accessible from the gallery's website.
Gymnasium imagines a world in which black excellence is not seen as an exception. The subjects in her paintings, from gymnasts warming up, to cameramen, to crowds of onlookers, are all black, which highlights the conventional whiteness of the sport and its audiences.
The seated black audience in the work Audience (2020), for instance, was adapted from a reference photograph of an all-white audience, simply because pictures of crowds of black people at leisure - never mind crowds of black people at gymnastics competitions - are hard to come by.
The enduring whiteness of gymnastics may seem arbitrary, but it is in fact deeply rooted in right-wing ideology. Following the Great German Gymnastic Festival of 1933, presided over by Hitler himself, it became the most popular sport in Nazi Germany.
Combining gruelling physical exercises with elements of ancient German dance, artistic gymnastics was believed to be the technique by which the Nazis would produce an elite squadron of Aryan über-bodies. Gymnastic performances were demonstrations of the physical prowess of the master race.
This is why painting black gymnasts scrutinised by black judges and performing for black audiences is a poignant re-imagining of the past and the present, and a kind of anti-propaganda, a purging of the remnants of white power ideology.
Power is about voice, who gets to talk and who doesn't, and who gets space to be heard or remembered or just to beArtist Thenjiwe Niki Nkosi
"What I've wanted my work to do for a long time is to talk about power," Nkosi says. "And power is about voice, who gets to talk and who doesn't, and who gets space to be heard or remembered or just to be."
For years Nkosi has found it hard "just to be" in an art scene that has kept her somewhat on the periphery. Born in New York to exiled South African and Greek-American parents, and educated between SA and the US, she's always moved between worlds. Even her artistic practice has been a constant negotiation between genres, with her output divided between painting, video and collaborative social intervention.
Nkosi is prolific. But without the long-term backing of a gallery, which gives artists a degree of visibility that's difficult to generate on their own steam, the ascent of her career has been sluggish.
Briefly represented by the Seattle-based Mariane Ibrahim Gallery, she had no footprint locally other than her studio in Johannesburg's Victoria Yards. South African galleries flirted, inviting her onto group exhibitions, but until six months ago none had committed to representation. Now Nkosi has joined the stable of Stevenson, a leading South African gallery for contemporary art, and, perhaps inevitably, her visibility is catapulting.
Given that she was featured in a solo booth presentation at the art fair Frieze New York in 2019, and that Artnet.com named her painting Routine (2019) one of the top six works in the fair, it seems a staggering oversight that Gymnasium is only Nkosi's first solo exhibition.
In October 2019, taking a step to ameliorate the lapse, the prestigious Africa Centre in New York premiered a new mural commission based on three paintings, all from 2019, The Judges, Tally and Fault.
How is it, in light of this international attention, that Nkosi has remained relatively obscure in her chosen home country? Just as there's more to professional gymnastics than having the right coach, there are more complex dynamics in play than gallery representation.
As a black painter influenced by formalism and working in a minimalist vein, she's an anomaly in an art market that's fallen in love with, on the one hand, the expressive abstraction of painters like Misheck Masamvu and Portia Zvavahera (also represented by Stevenson), and, on the other, the symbolically over-determined figuration of Yinka Shonibare MBE and Kudzanai Chiurai.
Nkosi's problem seems to have been that she does not fulfil one of these two narratives - the black artist as expressionist or the black artist as symbolist - in the white imagination.
Let's talk about what blackness is revealing more broadly. Let's talk about how thoughts coming from people of colour are complicating the worldArtist Thenjiwe Niki Nkosi
"For me, white audiences play such a major role in the art market," she says. "Black artists have been making all kinds of work for a long time, but the thing that gets consistently foisted upon us is that we have to make this accessible to a white audience via your particular 'alien story', your black story, your other story ... It feels like it needs to have that exoticism in order for it to be consumable and interesting."
Nkosi's work is an antidote to the alien story. We see the figures in her paintings in various states of preparation and waiting, the banal moments outside of the main event. These are universal slices of time, ones we can all relate to at some level. Nkosi's athlete, now stretching, now embracing a team mate, is the every woman.
Unlike her earlier Heroes series, which consists of portraits of people, both iconic and unknown, admired by the artist, the figures in her new paintings are faceless. These anonymous "portraits" are ciphers that anyone can imagine their way into. This is because black experience is relevant to everyone, to "the world", in Nkosi's words, not just to discourses about blackness.
"When we're talking about blackness, let's complicate it," she says. "Let's talk about what blackness is revealing more broadly. Let's talk about how thoughts coming from people of colour are complicating the world."
• 'Gymnasium' will be open to the public online from March 27 at stevenson.info.
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