The Council for Medical Schemes said details are still being finalised with the government. It has been reported that medical schemes could provide up to R7bn.
Business, through the Business for SA platform, has also been asked to assist if there is a funding shortfall, said business leader and B4SA chair Martin Kingston.
He said the private sector will also provide the government with skills, resources, and capacity to allocate, distribute and administer the vaccines, as well as help with tracking and tracing and monitoring for any adverse effects of taking the vaccines.
"Logistics and distribution are where business can play a role . You can see the mining sector playing a significant role in vaccinating employees or families or communities around them because they've got the infrastructure to do that," said Kingston.
The vaccines, once received by the health department, will be purchased by approved suppliers which will allocate these to provincial health departments and private health-care facilities.
Vaccinations, according to the document distributed this week, will be administered in three phases. The first phase will see limited doses being administered, at work and through a few vaccination sites, to a targeted 1.25-million people made up of frontline health-care workers.
This will be followed by a larger number of doses - including the vaccines from the Covax facility - being made available to the elderly (5-million citizens over 60 years old); 2.5-million essential workers; 1.1-million people in overcrowded settings; and 8-million with comorbidities. These will be administered through public and private health facilities, including pharmacies and mobile clinics, and via work-based vaccinations.
The last phase will be open to up to 22.5-million adults through all platforms but with a focus on primary health care.
The ministerial advisory committee is still mulling over whether pregnant women will be vaccinated, as safety for both mother and child is still unknown and vaccination is currently not recommended.
"Guidance will be updated as new evidence becomes available," the document says.
Guidance is also awaited in the case of those who have contracted Covid-19 and recovered.
The government will take a leading role in the negotiations for acquisition of the vaccines and the funds will be pooled in one account managed by the Solidarity Fund, but the rest of the project will be carried out in collaboration with the private sector.
This will see the creation of a national vaccine co-ordinating committee co-chaired by health director-general Dr Sandile Buthelezi and Dr Lesley Bamford, a chief director in the department.