‘I come from a family of zama zamas’: Golden carat peace offering for feared Zululand zama zama leader

As locals wage war against illegal miners in parts of the West Rand, one artisanal Zululand mine is cashing in on gold by working with zama zamas rather than against them

21 August 2022 - 00:00

Mhlonipheni Mavuso, 40, was once a feared leader of 170 zama zamas and considered by a Zululand gold mine as public enemy number one. ..

There’s never been a more important time to support independent media.

From World War 1 to present-day cosmopolitan South Africa and beyond, the Sunday Times has been a pillar in covering the stories that matter to you.

For just R80 you can become a premium member (digital access) and support a publication that has played an important political and social role in South Africa for over a century of Sundays. You can cancel anytime.

Already subscribed? Sign in below.

Questions or problems? Email helpdesk@timeslive.co.za or call 0860 52 52 00.

Would you like to comment on this article?
Sign up (it's quick and free) or sign in now.

Speech Bubbles

Please read our Comment Policy before commenting.