Cape Town water crisis: 'Day zero' draws near
Capetonians will have rations cut to 25l per person per day if dam levels drop below 13.5%
People will have to make do with 25litres of water per day for washing, cooking and personal hygiene if dam levels drop below 13.5% in Cape Town.
Mayor Patricia de Lille has described what life could be like after "day zero" - if dams supplying the city reach critical levels.
In a bid to stave off the impact of this potential crisis, the provincial government has already started drilling boreholes at some state hospitals.
"I want to bring you into my confidence to tell you what will happen if day zero arrives. Dam levels must at least be at 13.5%. If they go below that, that is the day we will turn off the taps," said De Lille on Thursday.
"We have to exclude the densely populated areas like the townships. If we turn the taps off there, we face significant risks in those areas like disease."
The rest of Cape Town will have to collect water from 200 sites around the city."
She said police and the defence force would be on standby. Officials had predicted that "day zero" would arrive in March 2018 but water-saving endeavours have pushed that date back to May 2018.
Hospitals in the province require 1.8 million kilolitres of water per year to operate.
Provincial health spokesman Mark van der Heever said boreholes were being drilled and existing boreholes were being re-activated at some hospitals, such as Karl Bremer Hospital, where one is delivering 10,000 litres of water per hour.
Chris Jack, a researcher at the Climate System Analysis Group at the University of Cape Town, said boreholes were helpful but groundwater extraction "can have negative impacts such as land sinking, salt water intrusion ... and a drop in quality".